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How can I lock character movement to an object's axis? [closed]

Asked by 7 months ago

I'm making a cover system and so far, I have it so that when the player presses 'C', it casts a ray from the character's lower torso's look vector about 5 studs out. If the character detects cover, then it will play a cover animation. Everything works perfectly so far. The next course of action is sticking the character to the cover. I was thinking maybe detecting the normal of the hitPart and somehow using that? I honestly don't know where to start with this, let me know what you think. Any help is appreciated.

Closed as Not Constructive by JesseSong

This question has been closed because it is not constructive to others or the asker. Most commonly, questions that are requests with no attempt from the asker to solve their problem will fall into this category.

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Answered by
Elyzzia 1274 Moderation Voter
7 months ago
Edited 7 months ago

you can use CylindricalConstraints to only allow an object to move on one axis https://developer.roblox.com/en-us/api-reference/class/CylindricalConstraint

as for actually figuring out how the Attachment0 should be rotated to get said axis, you can use the cross product of the surface normal and Vector3.new(0, 1, 0)

cross product will give you a vector which is perpendicular to both of the vectors you gave it; there are two possible vectors which can be perpendicular, so which one it gives you is dependent on the "right hand rule"

local function EnableCoverConstraint(surfacePos, surfaceNormal)
    local upVector = Vector3.new(0, 1, 0)
    local rightVector = upVector:Cross(surfaceNormal)
    local backVector = rightVector:Cross(upVector) -- all three "vectors" of a cframe have to be perpendicular to each other, so we need to get a new "back vector"
    -- CFrame.fromMatrix uses a back vector instead of a lookvector so. Yeah

    -- the rest of this code assumes that you just have a CylindricalConstraint parented to the HumanoidRootPart at all times, making a new one every time is kind of nasty when you can just disable it when it's not in use
    -- these are just example names btw, you can name the Stuff whatever you like
    HumanoidRootPart.CoverAttachment0.WorldCFrame = CFrame.fromMatrix(surfacePos + surfaceNormal, -- adding the surface normal pushes it away from the wall a bit, so your character isn't literally right next to it
rightVector, upVector, backVector)
    HumanoidRootPart.CoverAttachment1.WorldPosition = surfacePos + surfaceNormal
    HumanoidRootPart.CoverConstraint.Enabled = true
end

i haven't used cylindrical constraints before like, ever but i think you'll have to set the InclinationAngle to either 90 or -90

0
Thanks, this was exactly what I was looking for LeedleLeeRocket 1179 — 7mo
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