Title says it all. Example:
randomvariable = 100 local anothervariable = 100
The difference in them is called scope. Where different things can be accessed.
For example, a local variable can only be used in the surrounding brackets.
A global variable can be used anywhere in the script, no matter where it's located.
local test1 = 1 test2 = 2 function hi() if test1 >= 1 then print("hi") --this will print end if test2 >= 1 then print("hi") --this will print end end
in the example above, both of those will print. Let's see an example of where both won't.
fineVariable = 23 function badexample() local badVariable = 1 end function test2() if badVariable == 1 then print(1) --this will not work, as it can't see the variable 'badVariable' end if fineVariable == 23 then print(23) --this will work, as the variable is global. end end
As a further note, you must define the variable before using it.
if variable1 == 1 then ... --won't happen, as variable 1 doesn't exist yet. end variable1 = 1
and for my last note, if you put the local variable at the top of the script, you can use it anywhere
local v1 = "hi" local v2 = "bye" local v3 = "no" function hi1() ... end function h2() ... end function h3() ... end --You can use the top 3 variables wherever in the script, because you defined them at the top.
In all these examples I used functions, just because. This also applies to if statements, loops, etc. Any conditional statement scope applies. The wiki link I provide will explain more.
I believe I read somewhere that local variables are better, and in my personal experience I just always use local variables. I think it adds more clarification to what it actually is.
Here's the wiki article explaining this topic for further reading. roblox wiki
If you have any questions, just let me know! :)
The difference of making a variable local or not local is that a local variable inside a scope (scopes look like these:)
numbertimes2 = 3 function waittimes2(number) local numbertimes2 = number + number --this variable can NOT be seen by the rest of the script outside this scope wait(numbertimes2) --inside here is a scope end waittimes2(2) print(numbertimes2) --prints 3
but, if you make it like this:
numbertimes2 = 3 function waittimes2(number) numbertimes2 = number + number wait(numbertimes2) end waittimes2(2) print(numbertimes2) --prints 4
local variables makes their "own" variable, therefore non-local variables change a variable if the variable with the same name exists example:
local number = 4 number = 3 print(number) --prints 3 --the same goes for normal variables (without local in it) number2 = 4 number2 = 3 print(number2) --prints 3 --in case its inside a scope, number3 = 4 do local number3 = 3 end print(number3) --prints 4 --im terrible at explaining
i hope that helped
variable = 5 -- variable exists function onTouch() local othervariable = 5 -- othervariable exists ONLY inside the function -- with variable also end script.Parent.Touched:Connect(onTouch) -- variable only exists now