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Tables [closed]

Asked by 10 years ago

When would be the right time to use tables? How would you apply it and also, how does it vairy from Variables.

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Answered by
jobro13 980 Moderation Voter
10 years ago

A table has lots of uses, and with lots I mean a real lot. A cool technical note is that the only data type in Lua actually is a table. Numbers and strings are actually tables, yet you can just use them like they were numbers and strings.

Tables can be used when:

  • You want to use the same action on some variables
  • You want to store variables
  • You want to make a handy way to store data

A normal variable is normally a "number" (such as 6 or 3.1) or a "string" (such as "Hello!" and "ugh"). A table is a list. You create tables either list-style or record-style:

-- list style
Seasons = {"Winter", "Spring", "Summer", "Autumn"}
-- record style
PlayerList = {
Banned = {jobro13 = true, ConnorVIII = false},
GiveSword = {ConnorVIII = true}

As you can see you can also put tables inside tables!

To get a field from a table use . for "keys" (the place in the table where they are stored at) which dont have spaces or special characters or [] for keys which have spaces or special characters.

In fact, "game" is also a "table-like" object. If you use the type function on it, it will return "userdata". Roblox (and actually, Lua) uses C as backend language - it's programmed in there. Lua basically runs in C. Userdata is data from C, but which we can edit from Lua. This is quite special.

-- example: get the "spring" field:

Season = Seasons[2] -- Return the "second" field in the list, note: Seasons.2 gives a syntax error.

-- example, return if jobro13 is banned:
jobro13Banned = PlayerList.Banned.jobro13
-- OR - exactly the same as above:
jobro13Banned = PlayerList["Banned"]["jobro13"]

When do you use i,v stuff :) ConnorVIII 448 — 10y
i = index (key), v = value. Most users use this to "traverse" ("loop over") a whole table and "do things". Small example, print the contents of a table: MyTable = {3,4,5, Hello = "Hi!"} for i,v in pairs(MyTable) do print("The table MyTable has the following value: "..v.." on the index: "..i.."!") end jobro13 980 — 10y
tanks bro :) ConnorVIII 448 — 10y
Thanks alot jobro, completely making my answer useless. ;3\ Trewier 146 — 10y
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Answered by
Trewier 146
10 years ago

A table is good to use when you have to store multiple variables. Variables can only store one value, but a table can store infinite(I may be wrong here). To make a table simply type: tableName = {"variableOne",2,true} a table can store any type of value you wish to keep track of. To reference a part of a table type: tableName[1] and that will get you the first item, in this case: "variableOne". If you would like to learn more about tables, please visit the wiki: I hope this helps.

Thankyou alot for this :) It actually helped me. Can I ask why you write ,2,true ? Do you write that after every part of data you store? ConnorVIII 448 — 10y
No, I was simply showing that you can store strings ("variableOne") integers (2) and boolean (true) of course, there is alot more you can store in there, including functions. :) Have a nice day. Trewier 146 — 10y
Thankyou :) Can the bool and int be called upon later on my saying the table name? ConnorVIII 448 — 10y